It is the branch of dentistry that deals with the correction of teeth and jaws that are positioned improperly. Crooked teeth and teeth that are not placed together properly are harder to keep clean, and thus they are at risk of being lost early due to tooth decay and periodontal disease, and cause extra stress on the chewing muscles that can lead to headaches, TMJ syndrome and neck, shoulder and back pain.
Need for Orthodontics…
If you have any of the following, you may be a candidate for orthodontic treatment:
– Overbite, sometimes called “buck teeth” – Here the upper front teeth lie too far forward (stick out) over the lower teeth.
– Under bite – In this condition the lower teeth are too far forward or the upper teeth too far back like a “bulldog”.
– Cross bite – In such a condition, the upper teeth do not come down slightly in front of the lower teeth when biting together normally.
– Open bite – It is the space between the biting surfaces of the front and/or side teeth when the back teeth bite together.
– Misplaced midline – In this condition, the centre of your upper front teeth does not line up with the centre of your lower front teeth.
– Spacing- It is the gap or space between the teeth as a result of missing teeth or teeth that do not “fill up” the mouth properly.
– Crowding – In this condition, too many teeth are closely packed together for the dental ridge to accommodate.